PATHOGEN: RVFV
HOST: Livestock (Cattle, sheep, goats, camels)
ENVIRONMENT
RESEVOIR:
TRANSMISSION & INFECTION: Tansmitted via mosquitoes (Aedes species)
SYMPTOMS IN ANIMALS: Anorexia, fever, nasal discharge, lethargy, abortions and variable mortality rates that are high in young animals, especially lambs and kids
SYMPTOMS IN PEOPLE: People with RVF will either show no symptoms or develop a mild illness. Signs of illness include fever, weakness, myalgia (muscle pain), back ache, dizziness, liver abnormalities, and weight loss
MORBIDITY & MORTALITY IN ANIMALS: Up to 100 percent mortality in lambs under five to six days old
MORBIDITY & MORTALITY IN PEOPLE:
LABORATORY TEST IN ANIMALS: Serological and molecular assays, e.g. PCR, are diagnostic approaches commonly used, although confirmatory diagnosis also requires virus isolation and histopathology . ELISA
LABORATORY TEST IN PEOPLE: ELISA, PCR
CASE DEFINITON – ANIMAL:
CASE DEFINITION – PEOPLE:
VACCINATION/PROPHYLAXIS: Annual vaccination
TREATMENT IN ANIMALS: No specific treatment, only supportive care
TREATMENT IN PEOPLE: No specific treatment, only supportive care
PRIORITY IN GAUTENG (NOTIFIABLE/ CONTROLLED/ EMERGING): Notifiable disease
CONTACT PERSON: Mr Andile Ngcobo, Department of health
CONTACT PERSON DETAILS: Tel: 011 355 3588 Fax: 011 355 3287 Email: AndilenG@gpg.gov.za
STUDENT: Carien van Loggerenberg

BROCHURE: brochure-rvf

logo-vet-sci-fac